High-Level Policy Dialogue on Regional Cooperation to Support Innovation, Inclusion and Stability in Asia
Date & Time: Thursday, October 11, 2018, 3:00 PM – 05:00 PM
Location: Sahadewa Room, Grand Bali Nusa Dua, Indonesia
The High-Level Policy Dialogue on Regional Cooperation to Support Innovation, Inclusion and Stability in Asia, to be held on 11 October 2018 in Bali, Indonesia, will gather central bankers, financial regulators, international organization heads, and market participants to discuss the role of technology in creating new markets and opportunities for the inclusive future of Asia, and how to foster technological entrepreneurship that can have a positive impact on innovation, inclusion, and sustainable development in Asia.
Co-organized by Bank Indonesia, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO), the high-level policy dialogue aims to shed light on key drivers of innovation in financial technology and their implications for financial inclusion and stability. It will also discuss the role of regional cooperation, policy makers including central bankers and financial regulators in managing this process.
Policymakers from the Asian region, think-tanks, institutes, academia, and centers of excellence, NGOs and civil society organizations, embassy/trade commissioners are encouraged to join. Please join through the registration page.
Asia’s Future—Harnessing Technology to Promote a Stronger and More Inclusive Asia: A high-level panel will discuss the future of Asia and the role of technology in creating new markets and opportunities, technological entrepreneurship that can have a positive impact on growth and inclusive development in Asia. In particular, the panel will aim to answer the following questions:
- What are the new opportunities and challenges associated with rapid technology-driven transformation in the region’s financial systems and markets? What are the key policy and regulatory issues to unlock the technology potential and minimize the adverse consequences?
- How can we harness the technology potential to facilitate financial development and help the region meet its long-term development needs, promote greater financial inclusion, and maintain financial stability? In particular, how can we ensure FinTech solutions to assist those currently excluded from financial services and help them engage in economic activities and enjoy the growth benefits?
- What is the role of the private sector, financial regulators, and policy makers in promoting innovation and facilitating the use of greater financial technology to support Asia’s development goals while safeguarding financial stability and security during the revolutionary transformation?
- What is the role of international organizations and MDBs in shaping a more consistent, harmonized, and sufficient regulatory framework and creating an enabling environment, including international rules and standards?
|2:30 p.m. – 3 p.m.||Registration|
|3 p.m. – 3:05 p.m.||Welcome Remarks:
Junhong Chang, Director, ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
|3:05 p.m. – 3:10 p.m.||Opening Remarks:
Mirza Adityaswara, Senior Deputy Governor, Bank Indonesia
|3:10 p.m. – 3:15 p.m.||Introduction of the Moderator and the Panel|
|Moderator: Tanya Beckett, BBC World News|
|3:15 p.m. – 4:50 p.m.||Panelists:
Takehiko Nakao, President, Asian Development Bank
Datuk Nor Shamsiah Mohd Yunus, Governor, Bank Negara Malaysia
Ravi Menon, Managing Director, Monetary Authority of Singapore
Veerathai Santiprabhob, Governor, Bank of Thailand
Diwa Guinigundo, Deputy Governor, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
Neav Chanthana, Deputy Governor, National Bank of Cambodia
Mary Ellen Iskenderian, President and CEO, Women’s World Banking
|4:50 p.m. – 5 p.m.||Photo Session|
Eminent speakers include:
- Junhong Chang, Director, ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office
- Takehiko Nakao, President, Asian Development Bank
- Ravi Menon, Managing Director, Monetary Authority of Singapore
- Veerathai Santiprabhob, Governor, Bank of Thailand
- Mirza Adityaswara, Senior Deputy Governor, Bank Indonesia
- Diwa Guinigundo, Deputy Governor, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
- Abdul Rasheed Ghaffour, Deputy Governor, Bank Negara Malaysia
- Neav Chanthana, Deputy Governor, National Bank of Cambodia
- Mary Ellen Iskenderian, President and Chief Executive Officer, Women’s World Banking
Welcome Remarks by Dr Junhong Chang, AMRO Director
AMRO-ADB-BI High-Level Policy Dialogue
“Regional Cooperation to Support Innovation, Inclusion and Stability in Asia”
11 October 2018, Bali, Indonesia
(As prepared for delivery)
Dear President Nakao, Senior Deputy Governor Mirza Adityaswara, distinguished panellists and guests,
1. A warm welcome to this High-Level Policy Dialogue co-organised by AMRO, the ADB and Bank Indonesia! This Dialogue is a good example of regional cooperation, and in keeping with the theme of technology, it is most appropriate that we are here in Indonesia, with one of the most social media-savvy populations in the world. I read in a recent news article that Bank Indonesia has more 600,000 Twitter followers – the largest Twitter account of any central bank including the U.S. Federal Reserve – a testament to Bank Indonesia’s commitment to clear policy communication. I understand ADB is also now livestreaming this event on its Facebook page.
2. Asia is a technologically vibrant region. AMRO, in our annual flagship report published in May this year, examined the role of technology as a global structural force. We found that technology is a double-edged sword in our region’s “manufacturing for exports” strategy. On the one hand, automation can potentially reduce demand for unskilled labor. On the other hand, technology has facilitated the emergence of the services sector by making services tradable across borders, making services a potential new engine of economic growth and employment in our region. Technology is an enabler that weaves our economies and financial systems together, transmitting benefits but also risks across borders. Given East Asia’s rapid economic growth, understanding and managing the impact of technology in our financial systems is essential to maintain financial stability.
3. As policymakers from central banks and ministries of finance gather in Bali this week, prioritising financial stability in the current global environment must surely be at the top of their agenda. While our economies are still enjoying a boost from global external demand and the technology cycle this year, the risks of trade protectionism and global financial tightening are clouding the outlook for next year. Last week, AMRO released our revised growth forecasts for the fourteen economies in the ASEAN+3 region. For the ASEAN+3 region as a whole, we have maintained our growth forecast at 5.4 percent this year, but revised our forecast for next year down to 5.1 percent. This week, the IMF also released its forecasts for global growth, which is trimmed from 3.9 to 3.7 percent for this year and next. For the ASEAN+3 region, the IMF’s growth forecast is the same as ours for both this year and next.
4. AMRO has been closely monitoring the risk of rising trade protectionism and its impact on the region. In May this year – before the U.S. escalation of tariffs in June – we did a simulation of a limited trade war between the U.S. and China and the results show that such a scenario can shave 0.2 to 0.4 percentage points off both U.S. and China’s economic growth. Other economies in the region, depending on their level of integration into global value chains, are also negatively affected. With the escalation in the past three months, we have revisited these estimates, and in a worst-case scenario, the reduction in growth could be up to three times higher. The IMF has done its own simulations, and its estimates and ours consistently show that both the U.S. and China would lose in a trade war. Although there could be trade and investment diversion to the region from China, these effects take time to materialise and in the meantime, the spillovers on the region will be significant and negative. More importantly, the disregard for international institutions and a rules-based multilateral trading system, sets a dangerous precedent, and the region, among the most open to international trade, has to rally to defend this international system that has worked so well for so many nations.
5. The second risk of tighter financial conditions is well anticipated by financial markets and policymakers in our region and, so far, the U.S. Federal Reserve has communicated its intentions clearly on its rate hike path. Emerging markets in our region have received large capital inflows over the past decade, and some pullback, in line with other emerging markets, is to be expected. The normalisation process need not be disruptive. Emerging market valuations are not as high as they were five years ago. Emerging markets in our region have also wisely taken advantage of the strong capital inflows during the past decade to build up reserve buffers, and implemented macroprudential policies to contain the rise in financial vulnerabilities. This has paid dividends as investors differentiated our region from other emerging market regions this year during episodes of financial market turbulence. In recent months, policymakers in our region have also demonstrated clearly through their pre-emptive, frontloaded and ahead-of-the-curve policy measures that they prioritise financial stability in these uncertain times. Nevertheless, escalating trade tensions could interact with tightening global financial conditions to amplify external shocks to our region, and we have to remain vigilant.
6. As Director of AMRO supporting the regional financial safety net of CMIM, it is our mandate to always keep an eye on the risks and stand ready with our policy advice. At this particular juncture, it is critical for policymakers to prioritise financial stability over growth. At the same time, however, the region should not relax its efforts in pushing forward with technology and innovation that brings structural change and productivity to increase potential growth over the long run. We hope that when we look back this time next year at the global economy, we can look back at another year of shared prosperity built on solid foundations of financial stability.
Thank you, and I wish you all a fruitful seminar.
Also available in Bahasa Indonesia
BALI, INDONESIA, October 11, 2018 — Asia’s policy makers should strengthen cooperation to harness the potential of new financial technologies for inclusive growth. At the same time, they should work together to ensure they can respond better to the challenges posed by fintech.
New technologies such as mobile banking, big data, and peer-to-peer transfer networks are already extending the reach of financial services to those who were previously unbanked or out of reach, boosting incomes and living standards. Yet, fintech also comes with the risk of cyber fraud, data security, and privacy breaches. Disintermediation of fintech services or concentration of services among a few providers could also pose a risk to financial stability.
These and other issues were discussed at the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Regional Cooperation to Support Innovation, Inclusion, and Stability in Asia, organized by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Bank Indonesia, and the ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO).
The panel comprised Ms. Neav Chanthana, Deputy Governor of the National Bank of Cambodia; Mr. Diwa Guinigundo, Deputy Governor of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas; Ms. Mary Ellen Iskenderian, President and Chief Executive Officer of Women’s World Banking; Mr. Ravi Menon, Managing Director of the Monetary Authority of Singapore; Mr. Takehiko Nakao, President of ADB; Mr. Abdul Rasheed, Deputy Governor, Bank Negara Malaysia, and Mr. Veerathai Santiprabhob, Governor of the Bank of Thailand. Mr. Mirza Adityaswara, Senior Deputy Governor of Bank Indonesia, gave the opening remarks at the conference and Ms. Junhong Chang, Director of AMRO gave the welcome remarks.
“Rapidly spreading new financial technologies hold huge promise for financial inclusion,” said Mr. Nakao. “We must foster an enabling environment for the technologies to flourish and strengthen regional cooperation to build harmonized regulatory standards and surveillance systems to prevent international money laundering, terrorism financing, and cybercrimes.”
“Technology is an enabler that weaves our economies and financial systems together, transmitting benefits but also risks across borders,” said Ms. Chang. “Given East Asia’s rapid economic growth, understanding and managing the impact of technology in our financial systems is essential for policymakers to maintain financial stability.”
“Asia, including Indonesia, is an ideal place for fintech to flourish,” said Mr. Adityaswara. “In Indonesia’s case, there are more than a quarter of a billion people living on thousand of islands, waiting to be integrated with the new technology; young people eager to enter the future digital world; more than fifty million small and medium-sized enterprises which can’t wait to get on board with e-commerce; a new society driven by a dynamic, democratic middle class which views the digital economy as something as inevitable as evolution.”
Despite Asia’s high economic growth in recent years, the financial sector is still under-developed in some countries. Fewer than 27% of adults in developing Asia have a bank account, well below the global median of 38%. Meanwhile, just 84% of firms have a checking or savings account, on a par with Africa but below Latin America’s 89% and emerging Europe’s 92%.
Financial inclusion could be increased through policies to promote financial innovation, by boosting financial literacy, and by expanding and upgrading digital infrastructure and networks. Regulations to prevent illegal activities, enhance cyber security, and protect consumers’ rights and privacy, would also build confidence in new financial technologies.
The ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO) is an international organization established to contribute to securing the economic and financial stability of the ASEAN+3 region, which includes 10 ASEAN countries and China (including Hong Kong), Japan, and Korea. AMRO fulfils its mandate by conducting macroeconomic surveillance, supporting the implementation of the regional financial arrangements, the Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralisation (CMIM), and providing technical assistance to the members.