ASEAN+3 Finance Ministers agree to establish an independent regional surveillance unit to promote objective economic monitoring.


The CMIM Agreement comes into effect: (1) size - US$120 billion, (2) IDLP - 20% (3) only a crisis resolution facility, and (4) the maturity of IDLP–90 days, renewable up to three times (about one year only), the maturity of the IMF linked portion (ILP)–90 days, renewable up to seven times (about two years).


AMRO is established as a company limited by guarantee in Singapore in accordance with the Singapore Companies Act.


The amended CMIM Agreement comes into effect. Key points of the amendment include: (1) size doubled to US$240 billion, (2) IDLP raised to 30%, (3) CMIM Precautionary Line (CMIM-PL) introduced, and (4) the maturity of IDLP–180 days, renewable up to three times (about two years); the maturity of ILP–360 days, renewable up to three times (about three years).

ASEAN+3 members successfully complete the signing of the AMRO Agreement to establish AMRO as an international organization.


Three TA funds (Japan, China, and Korea) are set up, and the first training and seminar program is launched.

The AMRO Agreement enters into force, establishing AMRO as an international organization.

AMRO co-hosts the first Regional Financing Arrangement HighLevel Dialogue, which has since then been held annually.

The Executive Commi ee (EC), the primary decision-making body of AMRO, approves its Strategic Direction, a leading document that articulates AMRO’s mission, vision, and core functions.


AMRO signs the first of its MoUs with strategic partners, launches its inaugural ASEAN+3 Regional Economic Outlook (AREO) and, publishes the first of its Annual Consultation Reports.

AMRO is granted Permanent Observer status in the United Nations General Assembly.


ASEAN+3 members complete the ratification of the AMRO Agreement.


ASEAN+3 members reach the CMIM Package Agreement to: (1) raise the IDLP to 40%, (2) institutionalize voluntary and demand-driven local currency contributions, and (3) clarify the CMIM Conditionality Framework for the IDLP. The EC endorses AMRO’s Medium-term Implementation Plan (MTIP) 2020- 2024, which serves as a blueprint for AMRO’s operations and management, consistent with its Strategic Direction.


The amended CMIM Agreement and revised Operational Guidelines (OG) come into effect.

Further amendments to the CMIM are approved by the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, including key features of the 2019 Package Agreement.


The amended CMIM Agreement comes into effect.

AMRO participates in the ASEAN+3 Leaders’ Summit for the first time as an Observer.


AMRO expands office space in Singapore.

AMRO joins Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System as an Observer.

AMRO launches inaugural ASEAN+3 Economic Cooperation and Financial Stability Forum. The annual flagship event is established to share views on global and regional economic and financial developments and discuss the challenges.


AMRO partners 20 leading research institutions to launch the ASEAN+3 Finance Think-tank Network (AFTN) to foster cooperation and research toward regional macroeconomic and financial resilience and stability.

AMRO launches its second flagship report, the ASEAN+3 Financial Stability Report (AFSR), which is the ASEAN+3 region’s pioneering financial stability report.

ASEAN+3 members agree to update the CMIM OG to incorporate a new CMIM margin structure to improve the accessibility and effectiveness of the facility, and to establish the Rapid Financing Facility (RFF).

The EC endorses AMRO’s new Partnership Strategy 2030, and approves policy paper AMRO’s Secretariat Support to the ASEAN+3 Finance Process.