Indonesia’s mandatory pension system is modest in coverage and size, compared with fellow economies in the ASEAN+3 region. Timely actions on pension reforms are urgently needed.
The demand for infrastructure projects in Indonesia is still high, leading the government to encourage further private-sector participation, especially in funding. There are several schemes to mobilize private money.
This blog presents an overview on how central bankers and supervisors in Southeast Asia can better understand and address broader environment-related, and especially biodiversity loss-related, financial risks.